Egyptian Art

Papyrus Paintings depicting Egyptian Pharaohs and Egyptian Kings

Book Tickets Now For The Tutankhamun Exhibition At O2 Exhibition Centre (Formerly the Millennium Dome).

Egyptian Art of Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs and Kings. Many of these figures have been copied by artists from original paintings found on many Egyptian tomb walls and pyramid walls.

These beautiful works of art are available to purchase from Egyptian Dreams, a company specialising in supplying gifts from Ancient Egypt.

Hand Painted Papyrus of Seti I and Hathor Hand Painted Papyrus of Seti I, Osiris and Horus

Hand Painted Papyrus of Egyptian King Seti I

Seti I was the son of Ramesses I and Queen Sitre. Like his father before him, Seti was a good military leader. He plundered Palestine and brought Damascus back into Egyptian control. He reconciled with the Hittites who were becoming the most powerful state in the region. Seti I and his heir, Ramesses II campaigned against Kadesh. In Karnak he completed his father's plan by converting the court between the second and third pylons into a vast hypostyle hall. He built his vast mortuary complex at Abydos. In Thebes, he built his tomb, located in the Valley of the Kings. Cut 300 feet into the cliffs, it was the largest tomb in the area. Buried with him were over 700 Shabti. These were carved stone or wooden figures that were to accompany him to the afterlife to comply with the requests from the gods.

Hand Painted Papyrus of Re-Horakhty Hand Painted Papyrus of Osiris, the goddess Isis and the goddess Hathor. 
Hand Painted Papyrus of Re-Horakhty
Hand Painted Papyrus of The Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II

Called Ramesses the Great, he lived for 96 years. It is believed that he had as many as fifty sons and fifty daughters, though only a few of them are known to us. His chief, and most likely favorite wife was Nefertari. In the seventh year of his father's (Seti I) reign, Ramesses II became co-ruler of Egypt. Ramesses II and his father began many restoration and building projects. These included the building of several temples and the restoration of other shrines and complexes throughout Egypt. He built a mortuary complex at Abydos in honor of Osiris and the famed Ramesseum. Having outlived many of his older sons, his 13th son ascended to the throne upon his death in 1298 B.C.E.

Also known as Ramses II

Hand Painted Papyrus of Ramesses III, Horus and Thoth
Hand Painted Papyrus of The Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses III

Little is known of the private life of Ramesses III (1186-1154 BC), but he is often regarded as the last of the great ancient Egyptian warrior kings. He married a woman called Isis, who was probably his first wife, and he also maintained large harems and kept subsidiary wives, who bore him many children.

The king's life was dominated by a series of violent events, one of which was caused by a secondary wife called Tiy, who hoped to secure the throne of Egypt for her son, Pentaweret. Tiy plotted to assassinate her husband, but the attempt failed. Ancient texts referring to this `harem conspiracy` indicate that many individuals were put on trial for their involvement in the crime. The protagonists who were found guilty were forced to commit suicide, or were sentenced to public executions.

Ramesses III was heavily influenced by another New Kingdom ruler, Ramesses the Great, whose policies he clearly emulated. Ramesses III erected buildings at many sites throughout Egypt - the most famous edifice being the mortuary temple, Medinet Habu, near the Valley of the Kings. Temple resources were falling into a state of decline by this period, however, and Ramesses III was unable to imitate the magnificent building programmes undertaken by other New Kingdom kings.

Ramesses III continued to develop diplomatic connections; he sent expeditions to the mining regions on the borders of Egypt and engaged in trade with foreigners. His reign, however, was often over-shadowed by a sense of political and economic unease, and Egypt became involved in a series of skirmishes. The Libyans lay siege to the western Delta, and the country was also invaded by a group of foreigners known as the Sea Peoples. The soldiers of Ramesses III engaged the Sea People in a number of battles both on land and on ships in the river mouths of the Delta - and eventually succeeded in defeating them.

Ramesses III died after a reign of 33 years, probably aged around 65 years old. It is thought that he died of natural causes, and x-ray examinations of his mummified body revealed that he suffered from arteriosclerosis. His body is well preserved, and was the inspiration for the character played by Boris Karloff in the film The Mummy. He was buried in Tomb 11 in the Valley of the Kings, and his son Ramesses IV succeeded him.

Also Known as Ramses III

Hand Painted Papyrus of Tutankhamun
Hand Painted Papyrus of Tutankhamun

King Nebkheperura Tutankhamun is probably the most famous of all the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, yet he was a short lived and fairly insignificant ruler during a transitional period in history.

Little was known of him prior to Howard Carter's methodical detective work, but the discovery of his tomb and the amazing contents it held ultimately ensured this boy king of the Immortality he sought.

It is believed that Akhenaten and a lesser wife named Kiya were the parents of Tutankhaten, as Tutankhamun was known at first.

Soon after the deaths of Akhenaten and Smenkhkare, Tutankhaten became a Boy King at the age of about nine. He married a slightly older Ankhesenpaaten, one of the daughters of Akhenaten and Nefertiti.

After the ousting of the Aten power base they changed their names to Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamun to reflect the return to favour of the Amun hierarchy.

Due to his young age, Tutankhamun would not have been responsible for the real decision making. This would have been handled by two high officials, Ay (possibly the father of Nefertiti) and Horemheb, commander-in-chief of the army.

Sometime around the ninth year of Tutankhamun's reign, possibly 1325 B.C., he died. There is evidence of an injury to the skull that had time to partly heal. He may have suffered an accident, such as falling from his horse-drawn chariot, or perhaps he was murdered. No one knows. Ay oversaw Tutankhamun's burial arrangements which lasted 70 days.

Due to Tutankhamun having no heirs, Ay became Pharaoh and took Ankhesenamun as his queen to legitimise his rule. What happened to her after that is not known. Ay ruled for only four years and after his death Horemheb grabbed power. He soon obliterated evidence of the reigns of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Ay and substituted his own name on many monuments.

Hand Painted Papyrus of Queen Hatshepsut
Hand Painted Papyrus of the Female Pharaoh Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut was the female pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. For a woman to rule Egypt for over 20 years was extremely unusual.

She was the daughter of Tuthmosis I and was married to her half-brother, Tuthmosis II. On his untimely death, his heir was his son by a secondary wife, but as the young Tuthmosis III was still a child, Hatshepsut became regent and ruled on his behalf for about seven years, before proclaiming herself king and ruling jointly with him for a further 14 years.

Although she was a woman, she projected her official image as that of a pharaoh and even wore the royal false beard.


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